We’ve written about forgiveness quite a lot lately; without it, one cannot move on. Repressed anger has a way of keeping us blocked, unable to let go and look to the future. It’s something Colleen Haggerty, who lost her leg in an automobile accident at 17, spoke about most powerfully in this must-watch TED talk last year:

“I could tell that the weight of my unexpressed emotions were limiting my life.” (Source)

Miss Haggerty’s anger was directed at one person in particular: the man who ran her over. But what about victims of war? In the news lately is the plight of the comfort women of World War 2. Mostly Koreans, but including women from Indonesia, China, and the Philippines, the women resided in special “comfort stations” meant for the Japanese army.

In the early 90s, the Japanese government made an investigation into the matter; in 1993, they released a public apology, known now as the Kono Statement, and it includes the following text:

The Government of Japan would like to take this opportunity once again to extend its sincere apologies and remorse to all those, irrespective of place of origin, who suffered immeasurable pain and incurable physical and psychological wounds as comfort women.

It is incumbent upon us, the Government of Japan, to continue to consider seriously, while listening to the views of learned circles, how best we can express this sentiment.

We shall face squarely the historical facts as described above instead of evading them, and take them to heart as lessons of history. We hereby reiterate our firm determination never to repeat the same mistake by forever engraving such issues in our memories through the study and teaching of history. (Source)

In 1995, the government set up the Asian Women’s Fund, a foundation created expressly to provide over US$14 million dollars to survivors in Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines; multiple medical facilities and homes were set up in Indonesia, and medical fees were paid out for all Asian survivors, plus 79 more survivors in the Netherlands. In 2001, then-Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi sent personal letters of apology to all the survivors.

At the time, from all accounts, these actions of atonement were well-received by Japan’s neighbors, including- notably- South Korea. However, the issue has of late become a source of very high tensions between the two countries’ governments.

In the following video, Catalyst for Peace President Libby Hoffman talks about “Forgiving the Unforgiveable”:

The lessons of war must never be forgotten- it’s how we ensure that atrocities aren’t repeated. But to truly move on, and look to the future, one must at some point choose forgiveness.

With or without any religious association, forgiveness is said to be the key to inner peace. Bearing a grudge or harboring bitterness in one’s heart for a fault committed by another is one of the reasons for the elusiveness of peace. The failure or rejection of forgiveness is also known to wreck havoc on the health and well-being of people.

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What is Forgiveness?

When a person decides to forgive a wrongdoer, it is tantamount to letting go of any grudge and resentment towards a person who has inflicted pain and suffering. It is probably one of the most difficult things to do for a human being. The rewards however of doing it are greater in terms of achieving peace in one’s self.

It is a common philosophy for people to think that forgiveness cannot be given to those who do not ask for it. There will always be people who will not be sorry for the wrong they have done, or at least not yet, but should that hold the hurt person hostage to the pain? Some religions ask the faithful to forgive the unforgivable, not mainly for the sake of those who inflicted harm but more of a way for hurt people to go on with their lives.

Life Goes On

It is a fact that life goes on whether people are hurting or not. People who refuse or are unable to forgive tend to be left behind as they wallow in pity and hurt or entertain thoughts of revenge. There is a need to go beyond this after the period of crying and grieving for hurting people to catch up with life.

Forgiveness gives way for compassion and kindness to prevail. It opens up a person into accepting what can no longer be changed and to go in with life as a much better person who has conquered insurmountable difficulties. Forgiveness is a form of triumph.

Defining Life

People end up defining their life by the decisions they make. Deciding to forgive requires a conscious effort not to go back to the cause of pain for the purpose of reliving it but more for the purpose of learning from it. A person whose philosophy in life revolves around peace would need to be able to practice forgiveness to be truly peaceful.

[ June 24th, 2013 ]

The Philosophy Behind Music

Nothing touches the basic emotions of man more than music. It is able to transcend the many obstacles of language, meaning, and cultural differences. Music as a philosophical study has actual relation to aesthetics and metaphysics. But more than this complicated aspect is the effect music has on everyday living.


Organized Sound

Music is said to be essentially an organized form of sound. This means that various sounds are put together to produce melody, rhythm, harmony, and  timbre. Certain rules are observed when it is done to produce a standard.  However, the wide variety of music we have today defies a single standard and analysis is most often subjective.

Many see music as a form of human language. This is true to a certain degree because the music produced by humans is a way of expression. What cannot be expressed in simple words can be effectively expressed through music sometimes even in the absence of words.

Functions of Music in Everyday Life

Music has many functions. Its aesthetic function provides a sense of achievement, happiness, and satisfaction. It also helps in the release of emotions and expression of feeling thus its emotional appeal. Music can also strengthen national discipline as manifested by national anthems.

The most obvious function of music is entertainment. Where there is entertainment, there is bound to be music. Musical talents are appreciated when presented to an audience.

Learning is also sometimes done with the use of music. Music can be used to convey ideas in just about any topic on earth. Putting words into music usually result to easier recall thus answering the learning aspect.

For many, music is used to praise God.

Is Music Important to Life?

Will life become any less beautiful or less pleasurable to live without music? Having known the beauty of music, it may be a fair assumption to say that such would be a result.  It may not be necessary to live life but it is one of the things that could bring great joy to life. For what is life without joy?

Just a journey that needs to be finished? Just a goal to achieve? Just an end to be reached? Apparently life is more than that because things such as music have been given to us to enjoy the in-betweens. Music is said to be the universal language and most of the time no justification is needed to enjoy it.

About the Author:

Teresa is a researcher-writer who covers a wide range of topics in search of useful information to offer to her readers. She currently maintains four personal blogs.

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A person’s political philosophy is said to be his or her views about such topics as liberty, law, property, justice, and the like.   Many have strong political philosophies in life and are quite vocal about it while some choose to keep mum and quiet.  This doesn’t mean however that the quiet ones do not have their political philosophies.

A political philosophy may be shaped by a lot of factors including family upbringing, political exposure, gender, religious beliefs, demographics, and race or ethnicity.  It is not produced by a single event although a particularly striking event can contribute to its formation. The simultaneous workings of all these factors will determine the differences in political philosophy even among family members, friends, work associates, spouses, and casual acquaintances.

Family Upbringing

Very few can literally go against values and principles that have been instituted since childhood.  Family members are the very first people which a child will interact with.  Even while growing and being exposed to other ideas, family values are usually assimilated and rarely put aside.Thus, it is common to see family members supporting each other politically in spite of personal differences.  This is more so in politically-active families.

Political Exposure

This doesn’t need much explanation. The more a person is exposed to a political ideology, the more probability there is that the ideology will be accepted especially if there are no efforts to avoid it.  A good example of this is politics in the US where people can sometimes be loosely classified as either Republican or Democrat.


In this time and age where there is supposed to be gender equality, political philosophy can still be swayed by gender issues. Aside from the emergence of strong female political leaders, women voters have generally become stronger in terms of number and voice.  It is not uncommon for women voters to support politicians who are in turn supportive of women issues.

Religious Beliefs

In spite of the supposed separation of church and state, religious beliefs or religion certainly affects a person’s view on politics.  There are certain political observations related to historical religious events and alliances. The stand of a specific religion on specific issues have been known to determine outcomes of some political exercise.

Demographics, Race and Ethnicity

A person’s political view can be affected to a certain degree by his race and ethnicity as dictated by the prevailing culture.  The place of birth and place of residence and the prevailing influence in its environs will manifest some effect as well.

Teresa is a researcher-writer who covers a wide range of topics in search of useful information.

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[ March 1st, 2013 ]

Motherhood Philosophy

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Motherhood is said to be the beginning of wisdom for a woman.  A woman does not know how unknowing she is of life until a child’s life is put into her hands.  This is true both for biological and non-biological mothers.

Motherhood is such a big responsibility that it would be impossible to perform its tasks without any semblance of philosophy.  Raising a child will have to be founded on a certain set of principles that will guide the mother to the path where she thinks she should lead a child.  A confused mother usually results to an equally confused child who is given no clear direction in life.

Children need proper guidance but it can only be given by someone who understands that such role belongs to him or her. Even with a complete pair of parents, mothers will always have a critical role in the life of a child. There can be no substitute to a mother’s love and guidance but many have been forced to live without it because of the realities of life.

Once a woman decides to accept the big responsibility of motherhood, there is an unwritten but acknowledged acceptance of the responsibilities that go with it.  There is no way around it except if a mother purposely chooses to go the other way and leaves.  A mother is expected to share and pass on her personal philosophy to her children although she must learn to accept that they will develop philosophies of their own.  It wouldn’t actually matter though since a mother’s philosophy is essentially based on love and nurturing.

About the Author:

Teresa is a researcher-writer who covers a wide range of topics in search of useful information.

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[ January 31st, 2013 ]

Philosophy Towards Work

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Do you belief that the results we reap from our work is directly affected by our attitude towards it?  The work environment is characterized by challenges, competition, failures, and successes. Whether the outcome becomes a success or failure, would depend on the personal philosophy of a person.

A person with a good work philosophy sees work as a way to improve the quality of life.  With this view, people give their work due respect whatever nature of work they are in and in whatever level their career is in.  A positive work philosophy gives pride to man’s most basic productive endeavor.

On the other side of the spectrum is the negative work philosophy that sees a job merely as something that provides money to put food on the table, pay for basic necessities as well as luxuries in life.  People who see work in this view cannot see a job’s essence beyond the pay.  It becomes difficult therefore to make long-term plans in terms of career.

People who work are called upon to answer the higher call of service.  Service, specifically to others is seen as the noble side of working.  It is about providing the best effort in the performance of duties and responsibilities by not appearing burdened for doing such.

People who exhibit joy in doing their jobs attract positive reactions from people they meet in the course of their work.  Co-workers enjoy working with them, customers look forward to transacting with them, and management sees an ally in them.  A pleasant disposition at work may not necessarily equate to complete satisfaction at the work environment  but it manifests an employee’s adaptability  to existing working conditions which usually have limitations.

Most kinds of work are already difficult in themselves and performing related tasks begrudgingly only serves to add to the difficulty.  People should try to love their jobs.  If is it proves impossible to do, then it is probably time to find another job.

About the Author:

Teresa sees work as one of the essential things in life.


[ January 26th, 2013 ]

Leadership Philosophy

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A person who exerts considerable social influence on others towards the accomplishment of specific tasks is said to be a leader.   Leadership need not come with an official title although people who hold high titular positions are expected to be leaders and have leadership qualities.

There are the so-called born leaders who are able to lead others almost effortlessly to follow them.  These people exude authority even without any formal delegation.  They possess a certain charisma that encourages following and compliance.

These people therefore must have some leadership philosophy they can speak of if they are able to command such compelling presence.  A personal leadership philosophy is defined by a person’s purpose and values.  The standard which he places on his followers is the same standard he applies to himself because that is how he functions well.

A leader forms his philosophy by combining his personal views with the existing environment where he is exercising leadership.  He cannot force what he wants if it is not applicable to the situation.  Effective leaders are characterized by being greatly attuned to the people surrounding him thus his great influence.

Followers must be able to identify clearly with a leader if they are to be part of the team.  Leaders must be able to inspire followers to do what is being proposed up to the extent of making sacrifices to achieve the common goal.  It takes a good leader to convince followers to accept difficulties.  It takes a great leader for followers to push through even in extreme situation.  A leader lives his philosophy on a daily basis to be convincing.

[ January 2nd, 2013 ]

Marriage Philosophy

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Marriage is entered into by two people for varied reasons but the most common are the desire to commit exclusively to one person and the desire to create a family with children.  The arrangement is deemed beneficial to couples and the resulting offspring since marriage provides for the mechanisms and the processes within which partners and children can function effectively as a unit of society.  However, most couples enter marriage with two entirely different marriage values and philosophy.

A marriage philosophy can be developed from a person’s exposure to the marriage set-up of his/her own parents.  Like it or not, the parents’ marriage or at least how it appears to be can affect how children develop their own idea of marriage.  Society and the surrounding environment also plays a big role in the formation of values and beliefs.

Marriage essentially requires commitment to work but the level of commitment will vary depending on the importance placed by each individual on marriage.  Some see marriage as an absolute commitment while others view it simply as a means to achieve other goals in life.  The lesser the commitment, the easier it is for partners to part ways.

The high rate of divorce and marital separation that has been observed in many parts of the world will reveal the decrease in the level of value placed on marriage.  Even countries who have very strong marriage traditions against separation in place are unable to prevent it from happening.  This simply underlies the fact that two people will only stick together if they so do wish.  When marriage philosophy is founded on true commitment and acceptance of the accompanying responsibilities, couples usually have more chances of surviving together.


[ December 31st, 2012 ]

The Philosophy of Teaching

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The philosophy of teaching reflects a teacher’s belief about teaching and the process of learning.  It is being undertaken to help teachers and mentors assess themselves for the purpose of improving themselves.  The formation of this philosophy is not done in one seating but rather comes in stages as a teacher grows and progress.

A teacher must believe that he/she has something to pass on to their students. Unless this is so, there is not much sense in teaching.  Teachers are looked up to and this is impossible to do if a teacher is not able to represent a certain positive philosophy that    can give students important lessons not only in academics but also in life.

Not everyone is called upon to teach or feel the sincere desire to mentor people, whether young or old.  It is not easy to pass on knowledge and skills even when there is sufficient expertise on the subject being taught.  Teaching is an art and a science that is best performed by those genuinely interested in it.

A teacher therefore will always have to have the commitment and dedication to teach at whatever cost regardless of whether or not students are teachable or not.  In cases where a good number of students fail in a class, it is the teacher’s ability that is actually put into question and not the students’.

Also included in a teaching policy is the purpose, whether general or personal, which the teacher holds as his/her main objective in entering the profession.  From this purpose, it would be easy to determine if a teacher will succeed since selfish purposes will never work in the teaching profession.  There must also be a clear agenda of how a teacher proposes to go about sharing what he/she knows to students.

The environment in a teaching profession will not always be conducive to the ideal learning set-up.  This poses a challenge to teachers to go beyond what they are expected to do in the name of teaching.  A philosophy in teaching should be able to guide a teacher along the way to remind him/her of the original purposes set at the beginning.

[ November 2nd, 2012 ]

The Philosophy of Nature

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Nature refers to what we see in the physical world which encompasses life in general.  It is derived from an ancient word that means birth pertaining perhaps to qualities and characteristics that are intrinsic to living things and other features found in the world.  More than geology and wildlife, nature also refers to the way things are and how they change in their own accord.

When we speak of the course of nature, we are referring to how things will proceed in their natural and expected order.  This is in effect saying that nature will take its course with or without human intervention.  It would appear that nature follows its own laws and will not bow down to human direction forever.

When we allow nature to take its course, we do not intervene.  We simply let what ought to happen prevail.  Humans allow this usually when they acknowledge the truth that they cannot control nature at all.  Any semblance of control over nature is but temporary since the independence of nature from human control soon manifests itself in due time.

When we cut trees to the extremes and suffer flooding after, isn’t that a way that nature says to humans that there are consequences for going against nature.  When we dump our garbage in rivers and suffer the stench of ten times more than amount of garbage when the ocean dumps them back, isn’t that a way that nature says that humans deserve what they get?

The philosophy of nature is simple.  Every being and thing in this world has a purpose.  Humans will be wise to observe and respect everything which they share the world with.  Humans should not take offense to nature since there is bound to be retaliation in the natural course of things.